According to Google, the definition of reality is “the state of things as they actually exist, as opposed to an idealistic or notional idea of them.” This definition speaks to the topic of our class. How do we define reality? How do we know that what we see with our own eyes is what is really happening? Some scientists have even debated the notion that our entire universe is a computer simulation.

On a much smaller scale, the media is what stands between us and the rest of the world. In this hyper-connected world, our perception of the  As such, it is their duty to present the world as it is and not to

According to Boorstin (1963), how the media presents us with information can be categorised into three types of events.

Genuine events: These are events that would happen whether the media reported on them or not. For instance, traffic accidents and natural disasters are genuine events.

Media events: These are events that have been interpreted and re-presented to the audience in a way that incites a certain response in the viewer. For instance, natural disasters are genuine events but how the disaster is framed by news outlets are media events.

Pseudo events: These are events that have been orchestrated by the media for the purpose of promotion. For instance, press conferences are organised through media organisations with the intent to gain press coverage for an event or product.

Astronomy, S. (2016). Is the Universe a Simulation? Scientists Debate. [online] Available at:

Boorstin, D. (1963). The image, or, What happened to the American dream. 1st ed. Harmodsworth: Penguin.

Garber, M. (2016). How Americans Put Reality on Life Support. [online] The Atlantic. Available at: